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Test Bank for Seeley's Anatomy Physiology 12th by VanPutte

Test Bank for Seeley’s Anatomy Physiology 12th by VanPutte

Test Bank for Seeley’s Anatomy Physiology 12th by VanPutte

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  6. 6. You are buying: Test Bank for Seeley's Anatomy Physiology 12th by VanPutte
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Chapter 01 Test Bank Key

1. Which technique creates a three-dimensional dynamic image of blood vessels?

 

A. Digital subtraction angiography

B. Magnetic resonance imaging

C. Dynamic spatial reconstruction

D. Positron emission tomography

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scope of anatomy and physiology

2. True or False? A CT scan allows for a three-dimensional image to be generated.

 

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Clinical

3. Magnetic resonance imaging is based on the movement of

 

A. electrons in a magnetic field.

B. carbons in a magnetic field.

C. protons in a magnetic field.

D. cells in a magnetic field.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scope of anatomy and physiology
Type: Study Guide

4. The delivery of a radioactive compound to the body to study the metabolism of tissues is called __________.

 

A. MRI

B. PET

C. DSA

D. DSR

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scope of anatomy and physiology
Type: Clinical

5. An anatomical image created from sound waves is a/an __________.

 

A. radiograph

B. CT scan

C. MRI

D. sonogram

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Clinical
Type: Study Guide

6. A major limitation of radiographs is that they

 

A. can only visualize bone.

B. give only a flat, two-dimensional image of the body.

C. are old technology that do not give good results.

D. have very few applications.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Clinical

7. The study of the body’s organization by areas is __________.

 

A. systemic anatomy

B. regional anatomy

C. molecular biology

D. microbiology

E. surface anatomy

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scope of anatomy and physiology
Type: Study Guide

8. The study of the external form of the body and its relationship to deeper structures is __________.

 

A. systemic anatomy

B. regional anatomy

C. molecular biology

D. microbiology

E. surface anatomy

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

9. The study of tissues is __________.

 

A. cytology

B. histology

C. molecular biology

D. microbiology

E. surface anatomy

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

10. Anatomy is

 

A. the study of function.

B. a branch of physiology.

C. the study of structure.

D. the study of living organisms.

E. the study of homeostasis.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

11. The study of the structural features and functions of the cell is __________.

 

A. cytology

B. histology

C. molecular biology

D. microbiology

E. surface anatomy

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

12. Microscopic examination of a frozen tissue specimen is an application of which of the following disciplines?

 

A. Histology

B. Physiology

C. Gross anatomy

D. Radiology

E. Regional anatomy

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems

13. Which subdivision of anatomy involves the study of organs that function together?

 

A. Regional

B. Developmental

C. Systemic

D. Histology

E. Surface anatomy

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

14. An investigator who conducts an experiment to determine how changes in pH affect the function of enzymes on digestion is most likely to be a/an __________.

 

A. neurologist

B. anatomist

C. engineer

D. physiologist

E. histologist

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01C. Explain the importance of the relationship between structure and function.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Survey of body systems

15. An organelle is

 

A. a small structure within a cell.

B. a structure composed of several tissue types.

C. the basic structural unit of all living organisms.

D. a group of organs with a common set of functions.

E. a group of cells with similar structure and function.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Levels of organization
Type: Study Guide

16. An organ is

 

A. a small structure within a cell.

B. a structure composed of several tissue types.

C. the basic structural unit of all living organisms.

D. a group of molecules with a common set of functions.

E. a group of cells with similar structure and function.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Levels of organization
Type: Study Guide

17. A cell is

 

A. a small structure within a molecule.

B. a structure composed of several tissue types.

C. the basic structural unit of living organisms.

D. a group of organs with a common set of functions.

E. a group of atoms with similar structure and function.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Levels of organization
Type: Study Guide

18. A tissue is a

 

A. structure contained within a cell.

B. lower level of organization than a cell.

C. group of organs that performs specific functions.

D. group of cells with similar structure and function.

E. structure that contains a group of organs.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Levels of organization
Type: Study Guide

19. An organ system is

 

A. a small structure within a cell.

B. a structure composed of several tissue types.

C. the basic structural unit of all living organisms.

D. a group of organs with a common set of functions.

E. a group of cells with similar structure and function.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Levels of organization
Type: Study Guide

20. Which of the following systems carries necessary compounds like oxygen and nutrients throughout the body?

 

A. Nervous

B. Cardiovascular

C. Urinary

D. Lymphatic

E. Respiratory

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.01 List the organ systems of the human body and their major components.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02B. List the 11 organ systems, identify their components, and describe the major functions of each system.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

21. Which organ system is the location of blood cell production?

 

A. Cardiovascular

B. Skeletal

C. Digestive

D. Nervous

E. Endocrine

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.01 List the organ systems of the human body and their major components.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02B. List the 11 organ systems, identify their components, and describe the major functions of each system.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

22. Which body system would be affected by degeneration of cartilage in joints?

 

A. Muscular

B. Nervous

C. Cardiovascular

D. Skeletal

E. Lymphatic

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.01 List the organ systems of the human body and their major components.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02B. List the 11 organ systems, identify their components, and describe the major functions of each system.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

23. The gallbladder, liver, and stomach are all part of the __________ system.

 

A. endocrine

B. cardiovascular

C. skeletal

D. respiratory

E. digestive

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.01 List the organ systems of the human body and their major components.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02B. List the 11 organ systems, identify their components, and describe the major functions of each system.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

24. The integumentary system

 

A. regulates body temperature.

B. breaks down food into small particles for absorption.

C. controls intellectual functions.

D. produces body movements.

E. coordinates and integrates body function.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.01 List the organ systems of the human body and their major components.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02B. List the 11 organ systems, identify their components, and describe the major functions of each system.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

25. Which system removes nitrogenous waste products from the blood and regulates blood pH, ion balance, and water balance?

 

A. Respiratory

B. Lymphatic

C. Cardiovascular

D. Immune

E. Urinary

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A07.01 List the organ systems of the human body and their major components.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02B. List the 11 organ systems, identify their components, and describe the major functions of each system.
Section: 01.02
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

26. An organism’s ability to use energy in order to swim is an example of __________.

 

A. metabolism

B. responsiveness

C. organization

D. maturation

E. development

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.03A. List and define the six characteristics of life.
Section: 01.03
Topic: Levels of organization

27. The changes an organism undergoes through time is called __________.

 

A. organization

B. metabolism

C. reproduction

D. growth

E. development

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.03A. List and define the six characteristics of life.
Section: 01.03
Topic: Levels of organization
Type: Study Guide

28. Nerve cells generate electrical signals in response to changes in the environment. This is an example of __________.

 

A. respiration

B. digestion

C. movement

D. filtration

E. responsiveness

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.03A. List and define the six characteristics of life.
Section: 01.03
Topic: Survey of body systems

29. An increase in the number of cells is __________.

 

A. reproduction

B. growth

C. differentiation

D. metabolism

E. organization

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.03A. List and define the six characteristics of life.
Section: 01.03
Topic: Survey of body systems
Type: Study Guide

30. Which of the following is most consistent with homeostasis?

 

A. As blood pressure falls, blood flow to cardiac (heart) muscle decreases.

B. As the mean blood pressure gradually increases in aging people, the blood vessel walls become thinner.

C. Men working in a hot environment drink large quantities of water, and their urine volume increases.

D. As body temperature decreases, blood vessels in the periphery dilate.

E. Elevated blood glucose levels cause insulin secretion to increase, which in turn, causes cells to take up glucose.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: B01.01 Define homeostasis.
HAPS Objective: B03.02 Provide an example of a negative feedback loop that utilizes the endocrine system to relay information. Describe the specific cells or molecules (production cells, hormones, target cells) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Homeostasis

31. Which of the following is consistent with homeostasis?

 

A. As body temperature rises, sweating occurs to cool the body.

B. When a person drinks large quantities of water, urine output decreases to raise blood volume.

C. Elevated blood glucose levels cause insulin secretion to decline.

D. Decreases in blood pressure cause a corresponding decrease in heart rate.

E. As blood pressure falls, blood flow to the heart decreases.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B01.01 Define homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Homeostasis

32. In a negative feedback mechanism, the response of the effector

 

A. reverses the original stimulus.

B. enhances the original stimulus.

C. has no effect on the original stimulus.

D. is usually damaging to the body.

E. creates a cycle that leads away from homeostasis.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: B02.01 List the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
HAPS Objective: B02.02 Compare and contrast positive and negative feedback in terms of the relationship between stimulus and response.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms
Type: Study Guide

33. A researcher discovered a sensory receptor that detects decreasing oxygen concentrations in the blood. According to the principles of negative feedback, it is likely that stimulation of this sensory receptor will produce which of the following types of responses?

 

A. A decrease in heart rate

B. An increase in the respiratory rate

C. An increase in physical activity

D. Unconsciousness

E. Both a decrease in heart rate and an increase in the respiratory rate will occur.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: B03.01 Provide an example of a negative feedback loop that utilizes the nervous system to relay information. Describe the specific organs, structures, cells or molecules (receptors, neurons, CNS structures, effectors, neurotransmitters) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms

34. Which of the following is NOT a component of a negative feedback mechanism?

 

A. Effector

B. Stabilizer

C. Control center

D. Receptor

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B02.01 List the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms

35. True or False? Positive-feedback mechanisms are always damaging to the body.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: B02.02 Compare and contrast positive and negative feedback in terms of the relationship between stimulus and response.
HAPS Objective: B04.01 Provide specific examples to demonstrate how organ systems respond to maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05C. Describe a positive-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms

36. The anatomical term that means “away from the midline of the body” is __________.

 

A. medial

B. proximal

C. distal

D. lateral

E. superficial

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

37. The thumb is __________ to the fifth digit (little finger).

 

A. distal

B. lateral

C. medial

D. proximal

E. superficial

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Objective: A05.03 Describe the location of structures of the body, using basic regional and systemic terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

38. Which of the following describes the position of the nose?

 

A. Inferior to the chin

B. Superior to the forehead

C. Posterior to the ears

D. Lateral to the eyes

E. Superior to the mouth

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Objective: A05.03 Describe the location of structures of the body, using basic regional and systemic terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

39. The shoulder is __________ to the elbow.

 

A. lateral

B. dorsal

C. distal

D. ventral

E. proximal

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Objective: A05.03 Describe the location of structures of the body, using basic regional and systemic terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

40. A term that means “toward the attached end of a limb” is __________.

 

A. medial

B. lateral

C. superficial

D. distal

E. proximal

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

41. Which of the following is most inferior in location?

 

A. Pelvic cavity

B. Mediastinum

C. Diaphragm

D. Pleural cavity

E. Pericardial cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Objective: A05.03 Describe the location of structures of the body, using basic regional and systemic terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

42. While Stacy is in the process of passing over the bar during a pole vault, her hips are considered to be

 

A. anterior to her shoulders.

B. posterior to her shoulders.

C. inferior to her shoulders.

D. superior to her shoulders.

E. cephalic to her shoulders.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Objective: A05.03 Describe the location of structures of the body, using basic regional and systemic terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06A. Describe a person in the anatomical position.
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

43. Cephalic means

 

A. toward the middle or midline of the body.

B. away from the surface.

C. closer to the head.

D. closer than another structure to the point of attachment to the trunk.

E. toward the back of the body.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Objective: A05.03 Describe the location of structures of the body, using basic regional and systemic terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

44. Posterior means

 

A. toward the middle or midline of the body.

B. away from the surface.

C. closer to the head.

D. closer than another structure to the point of attachment to the trunk.

E. toward the back of the body.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Objective: A05.03 Describe the location of structures of the body, using basic regional and systemic terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

45. Medial means

 

A. toward the middle or midline of the body.

B. away from the surface.

C. closer to the head.

D. closer than another structure to the point of attachment to the trunk.

E. toward the back of the body.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

46. Proximal means

 

A. toward the middle or midline of the body.

B. away from the surface.

C. closer to the head.

D. closer than another structure to the point of attachment to the trunk.

E. toward the back of the body.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

47. Deep means

 

A. toward the middle or midline of the body.

B. away from the surface.

C. closer to the head.

D. closer than another structure to the point of attachment to the trunk.

E. toward the back of the body.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms
Type: Study Guide

48. In the expression “Let your fingers do the walking,” which of the following anatomical terms could be substituted for “fingers?”

 

A. Tarsals

B. Manuals

C. Digits

D. Carpals

E. Metatarsals

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization

49. The anatomical arm refers to the part of the upper limb from the

 

A. shoulder to the wrist.

B. elbow to the wrist.

C. shoulder to the elbow.

D. elbow to the fingers.

E. shoulder to the fingers.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

50. The lumbar region is the

 

A. area in front of the elbow.

B. chest area.

C. lower back.

D. bottom of foot.

E. forearm.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

51. The antecubital region is the

 

A. area in front of the elbow.

B. chest area.

C. lower back.

D. bottom of foot.

E. forearm.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

52. The antebrachial region is the

 

A. area in front of the elbow.

B. chest area.

C. lower back.

D. bottom of foot.

E. forearm.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

53. The pectoral region is the

 

A. area in front of the elbow.

B. chest area.

C. lower back.

D. bottom of foot.

E. forearm.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

54. The plantar surface is the

 

A. area in front of the elbow.

B. chest area.

C. lower back.

D. bottom of foot.

E. forearm.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

55. The brachial region is commonly known as the __________.

 

A. groin

B. buttock

C. breastbone

D. upper arm

E. naval

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

56. The inguinal region is commonly known as the __________.

 

A. groin

B. buttock

C. breastbone

D. upper arm

E. naval

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

57. The gluteal region is commonly known as the __________.

 

A. groin

B. buttock

C. breastbone

D. upper arm

E. naval

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

58. The sternal region is commonly known as the __________.

 

A. groin

B. buttock

C. breastbone

D. upper arm

E. naval

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

59. The umbilical region is commonly known as the __________.

 

A. groin

B. buttock

C. breastbone

D. upper arm

E. naval

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

60. The cervical region is the __________.

 

A. calf

B. armpit

C. hollow behind the knee

D. neck

E. thigh

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

61. The popliteal region is the __________.

 

A. calf

B. armpit

C. hollow behind the knee

D. neck

E. thigh

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

62. The sural region is the __________.

 

A. calf

B. armpit

C. hollow behind the knee

D. neck

E. thigh

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

63. The femoral region is the __________.

 

A. calf

B. armpit

C. hollow behind the knee

D. neck

E. thigh

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

64. The axillary region is the __________.

 

A. calf

B. armpit

C. hollow behind the knee

D. neck

E. thigh

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.02 List and describe the location of the major anatomical regions of the body.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06C. Know the terms for the parts and regions of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body plan and organization
Type: Study Guide

65. A vertical plane that separates the body into right and left portions is called a __________ plane.

 

A. sagittal

B. transverse

C. frontal

D. horizontal

E. coronal

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A02.01 Identify the various planes in which a body might be dissected.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06D. Name and describe the three major planes of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body planes and sections
Type: Study Guide

66. “Cutting off your nose” would be a section in the __________ plane.

 

A. coronal

B. nasal

C. median

D. transverse

E. sagittal

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A02.01 Identify the various planes in which a body might be dissected.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06D. Name and describe the three major planes of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body planes and sections

67. The cavity of the body immediately inferior to the diaphragm is the __________ cavity.

 

A. pleural

B. thoracic

C. inguinal

D. pelvic

E. abdominal

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

68. The suffix “-itis” means inflammation. Which of the following terms means inflammation of the membrane lining the body cavity that contains the liver?

 

A. Pericarditis

B. Peritonitis

C. Pleurisy

D. Colitis

E. Hepatitis

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

69. The wall of the abdominopelvic cavity is lined by a serous membrane called the

 

A. visceral pleural membrane.

B. parietal peritoneum.

C. visceral mediastinal membrane.

D. visceral peritoneum.

E. epicardium.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A03.03 Describe the location of the four abdominopelvic quadrants and the nine abdominopelvic regions and list the major organs located in each.
HAPS Objective: A04.02 Describe the location of body structures, using appropriate directional terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06G. Locate organs in their specific cavity, abdominal quadrant, or region.
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: Study Guide

70. The visceral pleura is

 

A. a double-layered serous membrane that anchors some of the abdominal organs to the body wall.

B. the serous membrane that covers the lungs.

C. the serous membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities.

D. the space located between the visceral and parietal pleura.

E. the membrane that lines the pericardial sac.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: Study Guide

71. The parietal peritoneum is

 

A. a double-layered serous membrane that anchors some of the abdominal organs to the body wall.

B. the serous membrane that covers the lungs.

C. the serous membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities.

D. the space located between the visceral and parietal pleura.

E. the membrane that lines the pericardial sac.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: Study Guide

72. The mesentery is

 

A. a double-layered serous membrane that anchors some of the abdominal organs to the body wall.

B. the serous membrane that covers the lungs.

C. the serous membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities.

D. the space located between the visceral and parietal pleura.

E. the membrane that lines the pericardial sac.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: Study Guide

73. The pleural cavity is

 

A. a double-layered serous membrane that anchors some of the abdominal organs to the body wall.

B. the serous membrane that covers the lungs.

C. the serous membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities.

D. the space located between the visceral and parietal pleura.

E. the membrane that lines the pericardial sac.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: Study Guide

74. The parietal pericardium is

 

A. a double-layered serous membrane that anchors some of the abdominal organs to the body wall.

B. the serous membrane that covers the lungs.

C. the serous membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities.

D. the space located between the visceral and parietal pleura.

E. the membrane that lines the pericardial sac.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: Study Guide

 

[Section Break 75-79]

 

 

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.13
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

75. Here is a figure showing major body cavities and other structures. What does “A” represent?

 

A. Diaphragm

B. Mediastinum

C. Pelvic cavity

D. Thoracic cavity

E. Abdominal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.13
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

76. Here is a figure showing major body cavities and other structures. What does “B” represent?

 

A. Diaphragm

B. Mediastinum

C. Pelvic cavity

D. Thoracic cavity

E. Abdominal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.13
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

77. Here is a figure showing major body cavities and other structures. What does “C” represent?

 

A. Diaphragm

B. Mediastinum

C. Pelvic cavity

D. Thoracic cavity

E. Abdominal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.13
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

78. Here is a figure showing major body cavities and other structures. What does “D” represent?

 

A. Diaphragm

B. Mediastinum

C. Pelvic cavity

D. Thoracic cavity

E. Abdominal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.13
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

79. Here is a figure showing major body cavities and other structures. What does “E” represent?

 

A. Diaphragm

B. Mediastinum

C. Pelvic cavity

D. Thoracic cavity

E. Abdominal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.13
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

 

[Section Break 80-84]

 

 

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A01.02 Describe how to use the terms right and left in anatomical reference.
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms

80. Directional terms are important in the study of anatomy. What does “A” represent?

 

A. Median

B. Right

C. Left

D. Inferior

E. Lateral

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A01.02 Describe how to use the terms right and left in anatomical reference.
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms

81. Directional terms are important in the study of anatomy. What does “B” represent?

 

A. Median

B. Right

C. Left

D. Inferior

E. Lateral

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A01.02 Describe how to use the terms right and left in anatomical reference.
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms

82. Directional terms are important in the study of anatomy. What does “C” represent?

 

A. Median

B. Right

C. Left

D. Inferior

E. Lateral

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms

83. Directional terms are important in the study of anatomy. What does “D” represent?

 

A. Median

B. Right

C. Left

D. Inferior

E. Lateral

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms

84. Directional terms are important in the study of anatomy. What does “E” represent?

 

A. Median

B. Right

C. Left

D. Inferior

E. Lateral

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A04.01 List and define the major directional terms used in anatomy.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Directional terms

[Section Break 85-89]

 

 

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.15C
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

85. This is a sagittal section through the abdominopelvic cavity. What structure does “A” represent?

 

A. Visceral peritoneum (covers organs)

B. Mesentery

C. Parietal peritoneum (lines cavity)

D. Retroperitoneal organs

E. Peritoneal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.15C
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

86. This is a sagittal section through the abdominopelvic cavity. What serous membrane does “B” represent?

 

A. Visceral peritoneum (covers organs)

B. Mesentery

C. Parietal peritoneum (lines cavity)

D. Retroperitoneal organs

E. Peritoneal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.15C
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

87. This is a sagittal section through the abdominopelvic cavity. What serous membrane does “C” represent?

 

A. Visceral peritoneum (covers organs)

B. Mesentery

C. Parietal peritoneum (lines cavity)

D. Retroperitoneal organs

E. Peritoneal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.15C
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

88. This is a sagittal section through the abdominopelvic cavity. What cavity does “D” represent?

 

A. Visceral peritoneum (covers organs)

B. Mesentery

C. Parietal peritoneum (lines cavity)

D. Retroperitoneal organs

E. Peritoneal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.15C
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

89. This is a sagittal section through the abdominopelvic cavity. What structures does “E” represent?

 

A. Visceral peritoneum (covers organs)

B. Mesentery

C. Parietal peritoneum (lines cavity)

D. Retroperitoneal organs

E. Peritoneal cavity

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Figure: 01.15C
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06H. Describe the serous membranes, their locations, and their functions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

90. Which branch of physiology would study the effects of sunbathing on the skin?

 

A. Cell physiology

B. Systemic physiology

C. Regional physiology

D. Organ physiology

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A05.02 Give specific examples to show the interrelationship between anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.01B. Define physiology and describe the levels at which physiology can be studied.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scope of anatomy and physiology
Type: LearnSmart

91. True or False? The part of the feedback mechanism that processes information, relates it to other information, and makes a decision of action is the receptor.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B02.01 List the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Homeostasis
Type: LearnSmart

92. Which of the following is not a function of the control center within a feedback mechanism?

 

A. Receives and processes information

B. Controls effectors

C. Establishes a set point

D. Detects a change in the value of a variable

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B01.01 Define homeostasis.
HAPS Objective: B02.01 List the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Homeostasis
Type: LearnSmart

93. In reference to the body temperature in living organisms, the set point can be defined as the

 

A. ideal normal value.

B. current specific value.

C. amount of change that must occur for a condition to return to ideal normal value.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B02.01 List the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Homeostasis
Type: LearnSmart

94. Which of the following is not a characteristic of homeostatic variables?

 

A. Their values can change.

B. They must remain within a narrow change.

C. They always remain at a fixed value.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B02.01 List the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Definition of Homeostasis
Type: LearnSmart

95. True or False? The control center compares input from a receptor with the ideal normal value for a condition called a set point.

 

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B01.01 Define homeostasis.
HAPS Objective: B02.01 List the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Homeostasis
Type: LearnSmart

96. Imagine the following scernerio:

 

Blood pressure decreases below normal levels.? Blood flow to the heart decreases ? Heart is unable to pump as much blood.? Blood pressure decreases even more.

 

This is an example of __________ feedback.

 

A. positive

B. negative

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: B02.02 Compare and contrast positive and negative feedback in terms of the relationship between stimulus and response.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Learning Outcome: 01.05C. Describe a positive-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms
Type: LearnSmart

97. This figure illustrates changes in blood pressure when __________ feedback mechanisms are in control.

 

 

 

A. positive

B. negative

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B02.02 Compare and contrast positive and negative feedback in terms of the relationship between stimulus and response.
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Learning Outcome: 01.05C. Describe a positive-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms
Type: LearnSmart

98. Imagine the following scenario:

 

   Platelets adhere to a damaged blood vessel ? Platelets secrete various substances ? Platelets adhere to a damaged blood vessel

 

This is an example of __________ feedback.

 

A. positive

B. negative

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: B02.02 Compare and contrast positive and negative feedback in terms of the relationship between stimulus and response.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Learning Outcome: 01.05C. Describe a positive-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms
Type: LearnSmart

99. True or False? Positive feedback mechanisms are more commonly seen in __________ individuals.

 

A. healthy

B. unhealthy

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B03.03 Provide an example of a positive feedback loop in the body. Describe the specific structures (organs, cells or molecules) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05C. Describe a positive-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms
Type: LearnSmart

100. True or False? Positive feedback mechanisms are less common in healthy individuals than negative feedback mechanisms.

 

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: B03.03 Provide an example of a positive feedback loop in the body. Describe the specific structures (organs, cells or molecules) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05C. Describe a positive-feedback mechanism and give an example.
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostasis
Topic: Types of homeostatic mechanisms
Type: LearnSmart

101. A person lying with his/her face down is said to be in what position?

 

A. Supine

B. Prone

C. Anatomical

D. Reverse

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A01.01 Describe a person in anatomical position.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06A. Describe a person in the anatomical position.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Anatomical position
Type: LearnSmart
Type: Study Guide

102. Which of the following is not a term that describes a cut that separates the body into left and right portions?

 

A. Sagittal

B. Median

C. Parasagittal

D. Coronal

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A02.01 Identify the various planes in which a body might be dissected.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06D. Name and describe the three major planes of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body planes and sections
Type: LearnSmart
Type: Study Guide

103. The plane that cuts the body lengthwise and separates the body into anterior and posterior portions is called __________.

 

A. Transverse

B. Frontal

C. Sagittal

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A02.01 Identify the various planes in which a body might be dissected.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06D. Name and describe the three major planes of the body.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body planes and sections
Type: LearnSmart
Type: Study Guide

104. True or False? Whereas a ‘plane’ describes an imaginary flat surface, a ‘section’ describes a way to cut an organ.

 

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A02.01 Identify the various planes in which a body might be dissected.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06D. Name and describe the three major planes of the body.
Learning Outcome: 01.06E. Name and describe the three major ways to cut an organ.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body planes and sections
Type: LearnSmart
Type: Study Guide

 

105. A cut through the long axis of an organ is a/an __________ section.

 

A. longitudinal

B. oblique

C. transverse

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: A02.01 Identify the various planes in which a body might be dissected.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06E. Name and describe the three major ways to cut an organ.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body planes and sections
Type: LearnSmart
Type: Study Guide

 

106. True or False? The thoracic cavity is divided into right and left parts by a median partition called the sternum.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06F. Describe the major trunk cavities and their divisions.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: LearnSmart

107. True or False? Both the spleen and the urinary bladder are contained within the pelvic cavity subdivision of the abdominopelvic cavity.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06G. Locate organs in their specific cavity, abdominal quadrant, or region.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: LearnSmart

108. True or False? The kidneys are contained within the pelvic cavity subdivision of the abdominopelvic cavity.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06G. Locate organs in their specific cavity, abdominal quadrant, or region.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: LearnSmart

109. An example of a structure contained by the mediastinum is the __________.

 

A. brain

B. stomach

C. esophagus

D. sternum

E. lung

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: A03.01 Describe the location of the body cavities and identify the major organs found in each cavity.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06G. Locate organs in their specific cavity, abdominal quadrant, or region.
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions
Type: LearnSmart
Type: Study Guide

110. True or False? Scientists believe that any significant change in the composition of the microbiome of the human integumentary system may increase a person’s susceptibility to autoimmune diseases.

 

FALSE

 

Early research seems to indicate that any significant change in the profile of the microbiome of the human gut may increase a person’s susceptibility to autoimmune diseases, not the integumentary system.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Learning Outcome: Microbes in Your Body
Section: 01.06
Type: Clinical

111. True or False? It has been suggested by some scientists that early exposure to antibiotics that significantly change the makeup of the microbes in the human intestines may increase a person’s susceptibility to autoimmune diseases like Crohn’s disease and asthma.

 

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
Learning Outcome: Microbes in Your Body
Section: 01.06
Type: Clinical

112. There are more microbial cells than human cells in your body, and the health of this microbiota clearly influences human well-being. How many microbes are there?

 

A. For every cell in your body, there are one thousand microbial cells.

B. For every cell in your body, there are ten thousand microbial cells.

C. For every cell in your body, there are ten microbial cells.

D. For every cell in your body, there are one hundred microbial cells.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
Learning Outcome: Microbes in Your Body
Section: 01.06
Type: Clinical

113. A molecular biologist discovers that if a specific drug effectively treats obesity in mice, what can researchers conclude?

 

A. If the drug was effective in a large number of mice, it will therefore be effective in humans.

B. If the drug was effective in a small proportion of mice, it will be effective in a small proportion of humans.

C. The mice have provided a positive control in this experiment that proves the drug is effective in humans.

D. The drug is effective in the mouse model; it must still be tested in humans.

E. The effect of the drug on mice has no bearing on the effect of the drug on humans.

 

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Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: B05.01 Predict factors or situations affecting various organ systems that could disrupt homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.04A. Explain why it is important to study other organisms along with humans.
Section: 01.04
Topic: Levels of organization

114. With regard to the validity of biomedical research in physiological studies, which statement is correct?

 

A. Although the general homeostatic mechanisms may be the same in some animal species, the individual variables are often very different.

B. Although the individual variables may be the same in some animal species, the general homeostatic mechanisms are often very different.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: B04.02 Explain how different organ systems relate to one another to maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.04A. Explain why it is important to study other organisms along with humans.
Section: 01.04
Topic: Levels of organization

115. True or False? Many undergraduate anatomy programs study cats and rats in laboratory settings. Use of these animals is ideal because they are inexpensive, and although they are physically smaller, the internal structures are identical to humans.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.04A. Explain why it is important to study other organisms along with humans.
Section: 01.04
Topic: Levels of organization

116. True or False? With regard to biomedical research, because rats, pigs, apes, and other mammals share over 90% of the same genes as humans, these animals are always good predictors for how humans will respond to a specific drug therapy.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.04A. Explain why it is important to study other organisms along with humans.
Section: 01.04
Topic: Levels of organization

117. True or False? With regard to biomedical research, it has been found that drugs that are toxic to one mammal species will be toxic to another mammal species.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.04A. Explain why it is important to study other organisms along with humans.
Section: 01.04
Topic: Levels of organization

118. True or False? Rats and humans share over 90% of the same genes.

 

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.04A. Explain why it is important to study other organisms along with humans.
Section: 01.04
Topic: Levels of organization

119. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

 

A. The coordinated activity of the organ systems is necessary for normal function.

B. Because organ systems are so interrelated, dysfunction in one organ system can have profound effects on other systems.

C. An organism is any living thing considered as a whole, whether composed of one cell, such as a bacteria, or trillions of cells, such as a human.

D. Living things are highly organized, and disruption of this organized state can lead to loss of function and death.

E. All of these statements are true.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
Learning Outcome: 01.01C. Explain the importance of the relationship between structure and function.
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scope of anatomy and physiology

120. True or False? A molecule of water is more complex than a mitochondrion (organelle).

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
New
Section: 01.01
Topic: Levels of organization

121. True or False? Homeostasis and occupying space are both unique characteristics of living things.

 

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
New
Section: 01.02
Topic: Levels of organization

122. Which of the following lists examples of body structures from the simplest to the most complex?

 

A. Mitochondrion, connective tissue, protein, stomach, adipocyte (fat cell)

B. Protein, mitochondrion, adipocyte (fat cell), connective tissue, stomach

C. Mitochondrion, connective tissue, stomach, protein, adipocyte (fat cell)

D. Protein, adipocyte (fat cell), stomach, connective tissue, mitochondrion

E. Protein, stomach, connective tissue, adipocyte (fat cell), mitochondrion

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A06.01 Describe, in order from simplest to most complex, the major levels of organization in the human organism.
HAPS Objective: A06.02 Give an example of each level of organization.
HAPS Topic: Module A06 Levels of organization.
Learning Outcome: 01.02A. Name the six levels of organization of the body and describe the major characteristics of each level.
New
Section: 01.02
Topic: Levels of organization

123. The fact that most of us have five lumbar vertebrae, but some people have six and some have four, is an example of __________ variation among organisms.

 

A. cellular

B. holistic

C. physiological

D. anatomical

E. reductionist

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 01.01A. Define anatomy and describe the levels at which anatomy can be studied.
New
Section: 01.01
Topic: Scope of anatomy and physiology

124. During exercise, one generates excess heat and the body temperature rises. As a response, blood vessels dilate in the skin, warm blood flows closer to the body surface, and heat is lost. This is an example of __________.

 

A. negative feedback

B. positive feedback

C. dynamic equilibrium

D. integration control

E. set point adjustment

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: B03.01 Provide an example of a negative feedback loop that utilizes the nervous system to relay information. Describe the specific organs, structures, cells or molecules (receptors, neurons, CNS structures, effectors, neurotransmitters) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B03 Examples of homeostatic mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
New
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms

125. When a woman is giving birth, the head of the baby pushes against her cervix and stimulates the release of the hormone oxytocin. Oxytocin travels in the blood and stimulates the uterus to contract. Labor contractions become more and more intense until the baby is expelled. This is an example of __________.

 

A. negative feedback

B. positive feedback

C. dynamic equilibrium

D. integration control

E. set point adjustment

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: B03.03 Provide an example of a positive feedback loop in the body. Describe the specific structures (organs, cells or molecules) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B03 Examples of homeostatic mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 01.05C. Describe a positive-feedback mechanism and give an example.
New
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms

126. Blood glucose concentration rises after a meal and stimulates the pancreas to release the hormone insulin. Insulin travels in the blood and stimulates the uptake of glucose by body cells from the bloodstream, thus reducing blood glucose concentration. This is an example of _________.

 

A. negative feedback

B. positive feedback

C. dynamic equilibrium

D. integration control

E. set point adjustment

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: B03.02 Provide an example of a negative feedback loop that utilizes the endocrine system to relay information. Describe the specific cells or molecules (production cells, hormones, target cells) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B03 Examples of homeostatic mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
New
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms

127. The change in size of the bone marrow (where blood cells are produced) as an infant matures is an example of __________, whereas the transformation of blood stem cells into white blood cells is an example of __________.

 

A. development; differentiation

B. growth; development

C. growth; differentiation

D. differentiation; growth

E. differentiation; development

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 01.03A. List and define the six characteristics of life.
New
Section: 01.03
Topic: Scope of anatomy and physiology

128. Which of the following statements provides an accurate description of cellular physiology involving structures of the digestive system?

 

A. Hepatocytes (liver cells) produce bile to aid in the breakdown of ingested lipids.

B. Hemocytoblasts (blood stem cells) are located in the red bone marrow.

C. Cardiac muscle cells contract to generate pressure that moves the blood through blood vessels.

D. The epidermis, the superficial layer of the skin, is composed of multiple layers of cells.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
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Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: A05.01 Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Outcome: 01.01B. Define physiology and describe the levels at which physiology can be studied.
New
Section: 01.01

129. If the thoracic cavity was cut along the midsaggital plane, which of the following descriptions of the two halves would be accurate?

 

A. The midsaggital cut would create an anterior half that contained portions of the lungs and heart and a posterior half that contained the spinal cord.

B. The midsagittal plane would produce a medial half and a lateral half, each containing a lung.

C. The midsagittal plane would produce a right half that contained one lung and a left half that contained a lung and most of the heart.

D. The midsagittal plane would produce an inferior half that contained portions of the heart and portions of both lungs and a superior half that contained portions of the lungs and the thymus.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A02.01 Identify the various planes in which a body might be dissected.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06D. Name and describe the three major planes of the body.
New
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body planes and sections

130. Aldosterone is a hormone that increase the level of Na+ in the blood. Considering negative-feedback regulation of blood Na+ levels, which of the following events would most likely be an effect of aldosterone on the body in blood Nalevels decreased?

 

A. Aldosterone would cause a decrease in the amount of Na+ that was excreted as part of urine.

B. Aldosterone would cause an increase in the amount of Na+ that was excreted as part of urine.

C. Aldosterone would reduce activity in the brain that stimulated salty food cravings.

D. Aldosterone would decrease the amount of Na+ that is absorbed at the small intestine.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: B03.02 Provide an example of a negative feedback loop that utilizes the endocrine system to relay information. Describe the specific cells or molecules (production cells, hormones, target cells) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
HAPS Topic: Module B03 Examples of homeostatic mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
New
Section: 01.05
Topic: Examples of homeostatic mechanisms

131. Which structure is located inferior and lateral to the heart?

 

A. Liver

B. Brain

C. Urinary bladder

D. Lung

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A04.02 Describe the location of body structures, using appropriate directional terminology.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06B. Define the directional terms for the human body and use them to locate specific body structures.
New
Section: 01.06
Topic: Basic terminology
Topic: Directional terms

132. Which of the following structures is located in the right-lower quadrant but NOT in the right iliac region?

 

A. Urinary bladder

B. Appendix

C. Large intestine

D. All of the listed organs are in both the right-lower quadrant and the right iliac region.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A03.03 Describe the location of the four abdominopelvic quadrants and the nine abdominopelvic regions and list the major organs located in each.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06G. Locate organs in their specific cavity, abdominal quadrant, or region.
New
Section: 01.06
Topic: Body cavities and regions

133. A construction worker was injured when a metal rod penetrated his abdominal wall inferior to his umbilicus and in the hypogastric region. The rod passed through to the lumbar region. Which of the following structures was most likely damaged?

 

A. Urinary bladder

B. Stomach

C. Kidney

D. Liver

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A03.03 Describe the location of the four abdominopelvic quadrants and the nine abdominopelvic regions and list the major organs located in each.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06G. Locate organs in their specific cavity, abdominal quadrant, or region.
New
Section: 01.06

134. Parathyroid hormone functions to increase calcium ion levels in blood. If its secretion is regulated through negative feedback, under which conditions would this hormone normally be released?

 

A. Parathyroid hormone secretion occurs when blood calcium levels are too low.

B. Parathyroid hormone secretion occurs when blood calcium levels are too high.

C. Parathyroid secretion is constant to maintain blood calcium levels.

D. Parathyroid hormone secretion increases in the morning and decreases in the afternoon.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: B03.02 Provide an example of a negative feedback loop that utilizes the endocrine system to relay information. Describe the specific cells or molecules (production cells, hormones, target cells) included in the feedback loop.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
HAPS Topic: Module B03 Examples of homeostatic mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 01.05B. Describe a negative-feedback mechanism and give an example.
New
Section: 01.05
Topic: Homeostasis

135. Which of the following statements provides an example of responsiveness?

 

A. Sandra began to shiver while she walked from her lab to her dorm room, through the freezing rain.

B. James finally saw the results of working out as the sleeves on his t-shirt were tighter around his biceps.

C. Jarrod was happy to see that the wound he received from falling on the sidewalk was almost completely healed.

D. None of the choices are correct.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: B04.01 Provide specific examples to demonstrate how organ systems respond to maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.03A. List and define the six characteristics of life.
New
Section: 01.03

136. Which of the following would indicate dysfunction of the respiratory system?

 

A. Change in blood pH

B. Increase in blood glucose levels

C. Increased blood pressure

D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: A07.02 Describe the major functions of each organ system.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.02B. List the 11 organ systems, identify their components, and describe the major functions of each system.
New
Section: 01.02
Topic: Body plan and organization

137. Which of the following statements best describes reseach focused on the physiology of the lymphatic system?

 

A. Dr. Ali studies the signaling that occurs between defense cells and abnormal cells of the body.

B. Dr. Johnson’s research focuses on the factors that regulate blood pH.

C. Dr. Salak is interested in the chemical signaling that maintains normal blood glucose levels.

D. Dr. Woods is interested in the development of cell communication junctions associated with memory.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: A05.02 Give specific examples to show the interrelationship between anatomy and physiology.
HAPS Topic: Module A05 Basic terminology.
Learning Outcome: 01.01B. Define physiology and describe the levels at which physiology can be studied.
New
Section: 01.01

138. If the esophagus were cut from superior to inferior, as it occurs in the thoracic cavity, this would be considered a __________ section.

 

A. longitudinal

B. transverse

C. oblique

D. cross

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A02.01 Identify the various planes in which a body might be dissected.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06E. Name and describe the three major ways to cut an organ.
New
Section: 01.06
Topic: Basic terminology

 

139. A cut along which plane would result in the anterior perspective of the body appearing normal, with no evident cuts?

 

A. Frontal

B. Midsaggital

C. Parasagittal

D. Transverse

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: A02.02 Describe the appearance of a body presented along various planes.
HAPS Topic: Module A Body Plan and Organization
Learning Outcome: 01.06D. Name and describe the three major planes of the body.
New
Section: 01.06
Topic: Basic terminology

140. Which of the following structures is most like the receptor of a homeostatic control mechanism?

 

A. The mechanism that detects a decrease in tire pressure on an automobile

B. The mechanism that opens the automatic door at the local grocery store

C. The heating element of a hot water heater

D. All of the choices are correct.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Accessibility: Screen Reader Compatible
Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: B02.01 List the components of a feedback loop and explain the function of each.
HAPS Topic: Module B Homeostasis
Learning Outcome: 01.05A. Define homeostasis and explain why it is important for proper body function.
New
Section: 01.05
Topic: Homeostasis

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